By Ismail Veli…
Turkic’s, Indians and Polynesians, what do they have in common?
I have often heard that the American Indians are somehow related to the Turkic people of Siberia, who crossed the Bering Strait in what is today Alaska and slowly spread to the whole of North and South American continent. I’m in no way qualified to say one way or another, but on attempting to research this interesting topic I was amazed at how much DNA and historical research has gone into trying to establish the facts.
The Tuvans are a Turkic speaking people that lived a nomadic way of life for centuries and specialise in cattle-herding, sheep, goats, reindeer and live in Yurts (Yurt in Turkish is often referred to homeland, Yurdum) but is an original word for home. They are immensely skilful in riding and hunting.
A leading Russian scientist in 1998 took what he believed to be a giant step in solving the old myth of the Turkic/Indian link. To be frank, the Turkic people did not exist as such thousands of years ago when the Indians moved across the Bering Straits, but a people who later called themselves Turkic did of course originate from Siberia and Central Asia. Being a nomadic people they settled in vast expanses of the Asian continent.
A leading Russian geneticist, Ilya Zakharov, deputy director of Moscow’s Vavilov Institute of General Genetics, stated that a research he led in 1997 confirmed a genetic link. Though the theory has been spouted for decades it was the first conclusive evidence of the genetic link which showed a strong link among the Tuvan Turkic people of Siberia and the Indigenous people of The Americas.
In 2015 the famous Russian geneticist, Oleg Balanovsky confirmed the findings, but went one step further and claimed some links between the Australian indigenous people to those of Native Americans. Zakharov’s original DNA research took samples from 430 Tuvan and compared them to 2 separate American samples of 30 and 300 respectively. The 30 samples showed an amazing 72% link while the 300 samples showed a 69% similarity. Ilyinsky took samples of 48 individuals from Brazil and many from the USA and Siberia. The results confirmed that the migration from Siberia across the Bering straits (now Russia and Alaska) took place between 20-30.000 years ago. After researching 25.000 DNA samples of 90 different ethnic groups in Russia and neighbouring countries another amazing discovery was made. This was that many indigenous people of Australia and the many parts of the Pacific had matching DNA’s.
If these researchers show one thing it’s the amazing connection of humanity to each other. To sum it up according to the Population Reference Bureau in 2005 supported by international organisations and UN have estimated that humans evolved around 3 million years ago, in addition they estimated the world’s population about 500,000 years ago to have been around 10 million. It does not take rocket science to link the world’s population to each other. Naturally the closer we get to our times the more complicated it becomes as languages, religions and ethnicity simply divided into thousands of dialects and languages as humans created words in their own environment in order to communicate with each other, hence the supposed differences in humans, which in the scheme of things are not really different but a simple issue of geographical habitation.
My fascination with world history and people started as a child. With the maturity of time I finally feel it’s time to step up my travels in order to learn as much as possible about different parts of the world’s cultural and historical richness. I just hope I live long enough to achieve my dreams