TRNC 2014 Annual Registration

of Dogs is now due

By Chris Elliott

We have received a reminder from Kyrenia Animal Rescue that the Annual Registration of dogs in the TRNC is now due during January and that every dog should wear an ID badge issued by the local authority.

They have referred readers to their web site www.kyreniaanimalrescue.org for more information and to be helpful, we have replicated their guidance below.

DOG REGISTRATION in the TRNC

If you are a dog owner living in the TRNC then you must obtain a licence for each of your dogs. The current law states that all dogs should be registered. The registration is from 1st January to 31st December and must be renewed annually. The law also states that each dog must wear a numbered registration disc which should be given to you when you register your dog.

How to register your dog

  • Step 1. Visit the Government Veterinary Department. Show them your dog’s Veterinary Book and they will register your dog for the Ecconococus test (a type of Girne District Veterinary Departmentworm prevalent in Mediterranean countries). They will ask the weight of your dog and give you worming tablets for you to administer to your dog. They will then issue you with a green record card.
    The cost of this administration is 10 TL per dog.
  • Step 2. Take your dog’s Vet card and the Green Card to your local Belediye office who will complete the registration. If you have a female dog that is neutered check that it is clearly written in the Vet book and point it out as it makes a big difference to the charges. The costs of Registration (as at 01/09/2011) would be as follows:- Male Dog: 17TL Female Dog (Neutered): 17TL Female Dog (Not Neutered) 55TL
    You will be given a receipt that should be kept with your Green Card. You should be given a numbered tag for your dog to wear. Not all local authorities are giving this identity disc so please ask for one – it is the current law for your dog to wear one!

If you have not renewed your dog’s registration or are waiting for news of the local Ecconococus testing to be announced then you are not covered by the law and your dog is at risk.

* Register every January.
* Make sure your dog is wearing an ID disc.
* Do not allow your dog to cause problems in the community or roam the streets unattended.

Please be a responsible animal lover and follow the rules.

Dog owners – beware of Leishmaniosis

Kyrenia Animal Rescue want to make people aware of a disease that is fast becoming widespread throughout Cyprus. Buying a ‘Paraband’ collar, or a similar anti-sand fly collar, from a local vet or chemist shop can prevent the spread of what can be, if not diagnosed and treated soon enough, a fatal condition for dogs.

Leishmania are little parasites (protozoa) which affect the white blood cells, causing systemic disease, mainly in dogs.

The transmission of Leishmaniosis is by the Sand Fly, a very tiny fly with white wings. The female sand flies suck blood from their victims in order to breed their eggs later. The distribution of the sand fly, and with it, the risk of leishmaniosis infection, is prevalent all over the Mediterranean areas, the South of France, Southern Italy, Southern Spain and Portugal, as well as India and Africa.

The transmission of leishmaniosis occurs as follows: A sand fly bites a dog which is carrying leishmaniosis. Later, the same sand fly bites a healthy dog and injects leishmania with her saliva under the skin of the dog. From the site of infection, the ‘chancre’, the leishmania start a very difficult development in several steps until they reach the blood and after an incubation period of between 3 weeks and 3 monthsSand Fly (sometimes 3 years), depending on the state of the dog’s defence system, the first visible symptoms occur.

The sand fly is active between April and November (during the warm season) and disappears in winter. The sand fly hides during the daytime and comes out late afternoon with the highest period of activity occurring at night between 2.00am and 4.00am. Therefore, dogs that live outside are much more exposed to sand fly bites than dogs that live inside – especially if the house is well protected against mosquitoes with nets and chemical products. The month of August is the worst, and this is when the highest amount of sand flies are registered. This is when they are most likely to invade the house where they will hide in dark bathrooms or wardrobes.

The symptoms of leishmaniosis to look for in your dog are: Skin alterations (dry, flaky skin), eye alterations, weight loss, long growth of nails, swollen lymph glands, liver and kidney disease (including kidney failure), alterations in blood coagulation with anaemia, nose bleeding, lameness, chronic diarrhoea etc. The diagnosis of leishmaniosis is mainly by blood test, together with a general clinical check and control of the liver and kidney functions.

Treatment of leishmaniosis in a dog is only effective if begun at an early stage of the infection, better even before they show any symptoms. Therefore, it is very important to make regular blood tests in dogs, once a year and better in the winter months, to find out if the dog was infected during the summer. Early treatment normally avoids symptoms and gives the dog a longer life.

Dogs with mild symptoms can be treated successfully as well, but dogs with serious anaemia or serious alteration of liver/kidney function very often cannot be treated successfully.

Prevention of Leishmaniosis

It is very difficult to prevent leishmaniosis 100%, because sand flies are so very tiny they can even penetrate mosquito netting, but there are 3 key points to help avoid risk of infection.Dog Happy

A. Dogs should be kept inside at night to reduce exposure to sand fly bites.

B. Provide your dog with a special anti-sand fly collar which is proven to be more effective than other insecticides. Start in March with the collar application and maintain it until the end of November, or better still keep the dog collared all year round.

C. A yearly blood test to make sure your dog has not contracted this disease. There is still no vaccination against leishmaniosis, but investigation into this subject is advancing.

Don’t forget local readers if you really care for your dog, do the right thing and have it registered and fully protected.